Đề Task 1 + 2 Ngày 9/ 9/ 2017

Task 1 – Map 

The pictures illustrate how the layout of a school library changed over five years.

Overall, significant changes have been made in terms of the library’s interior space design, especially in the area to the South West of the library.

A recording studio has been constructed to replace the classroom area. While the meeting room remains in the same place after 5 years, the space for the borrowing and returning desk has been separated into 2 different rooms.

In the center of the library, more private tables have been set up for students to study at the moment than before. Additionally, there were 2 areas for book shelves to the North and South of the library 5 years ago; however, the one to the South as well as the desk for computers in the North East corner has been converted into desks for student’s laptops. Further down the south, it can be seen that the library office has been removed to make way for a new conference room.

(Toàn Zim, 167 words)

 

Task 2 – Opinion

Anybody can use a mobile phone to answer the work and personal calls at any time or 7 days a week. Does this development have more positive or negative effects on both individuals and society?

Hướng Dẫn Viết Dạng Đề Advantage & Disadvanatge

Hướng Dẫn Viết Dạng Đề Advantage & Disadvanatge

 

Đề ngày 29/1/2015: 

It is now possible for scientists and tourists to travel to remote natural environment, such as South Pole. Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?

Đề ngày 4/7/2015 

Some people think that young people should be required to do unpaid work helping people in the community.  Are disadvantages of this requirement greater than the benefits for the community and individuals?

Đề lấy trên mạng

Many elderly people are no longer looked after by their families but are put in care homes or nursing homes. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this trend? 

 

Nếu theo dõi phần tổng hợp đề  thi thật của mình, các bạn sẽ  thấy đây là dạng bài phổ  biến thứ  3 (sau dạng  Opinion  và  Discussion). Vì thế, khả  năng các bạn bị  “dính” dạng câu hỏi này cũng không phải là ít.

Nhìn chung dạng Advantage and Disadvantage này khá dễ “xơi”, các bạn chỉ cần (1) phân tích kỹđề  và  (2)  sử  dụng  đúng  dàn  bài  là  mọi  thứ  sẽ  ok  thôi. (Mình  chưa  nhắc  gì  tới  Grammar  và Vocabulary  cho từng chủ  đề, vì mình sẽ  tập trung vào việc phân tích và đưa bạn structure chuẩn thôi)

Phân tích đề

Cũng giống với các dạng khác, các bạn  (1)  đọc và highlight yêu cầu của bài (thuộc dạng  Advantage and Disadvantage),  (2)  xác định “mặt hại” và “mặt lợi” của vấn đề, brand storm mặt hại và mặt lợi, và  cuối cùng là (3) trả lời “do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?” Mình sẽ  chia và ghi rõ ra từng bước ra để  các bạn có thể  thấy những bước mình sẽ  áp dụng cho dạng bài này.

Ví dụ 1:

Some  people  think  that  young  people  should  be  required  to  do  unpaid  work helping  people  in  the  community.   Are   disadvantages   of   this   requirement greater than the benefits for the community and individuals?

  • Step 1: Xác định yêu cầu của bài 

Are disadvantages of this requirement  greater than  the  benefits  for  the community and individuals?

Đề  bài hỏi là “mặt hại của việc gì đó có lớn hơn mặt lợi của nó đến cá nhân và cả  cộng đồng không” => chúng ta xác định đây là dạng Advantage and Disadvantage.

  • Step 2: Xác định “mặt hại” và “mặt lợi” của vấn đề 

Some people think that young people should be required to do unpaid work helping people in the community.

Các bạn thấy những phần highlighted  lên chính là những  keywords, yêu cầu  chính của bài. Chỉcần đọc những từ này bạn đã xác định được vấn đề. “Người trẻ  nên bị  bắt làm các công việc không công để  giúp người khác” –  đây chính là vấn đề.

  • Step 3: Trả lời “do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?”

Bạn nên nhấn mạnh Opinion của bạn là “bạn tin vấn đề này có nhiều mặt lợi hơn” HOẶC “bạn tin vấn đề  này có nhiều mặt hại hơn”. Bạn nên chắc chắn là Opinion của bạn phải “clear và relevant”.

Dàn bài (essay structure) 

Dàn bài giúp cho các bạn  (1)  sắp xếp ideas  một cách logical và  (2)  present ideas của mình một cách clear.

Note: 

–  Những gì đề cập đến trong đề, bạn phải nhắc đến trong essay

–  Bạn phải viết rõ idea của mình, trả lời là “I personally believe…”

–  Ý nào bạn chọn, hãy viết ở body 2

 

Ví Dụ 2:

Some people think that young people should be required to do unpaid work helping people in the community. Are disadvantages of this requirement greater than the benefits for the community and individuals?

  • Introduction

It is argued that it should be made compulsory for youngsters to take part in volunteering work to help people. While this suggestion has some drawbacks, it is my opinion that its benefits are much greater.

  • Body 1

Admittedly,  this practice  could  possess  several  harmful  impacts  to  both  the  junior  and  their community.

–  Youngsters may feel distressed when being forced to participate in unpaid work.

–  This practice could lead to the poor performance in some public services where the young required to attend.

 

  • Body 2

However,  I  believe  that  the  disadvantages  of  making  community  service  mandatory  are outweighed by the advantages.

–  These  community jobs help the junior understand the value of labor work and appreciate every single dollar they earn.

– A  great  number  of  old  and  poor  people  will  receive  aids,  resulting  in  a  decrease  of overloaded public services such as hospitals.

  • Conclusion

In conclusion, it seems to me that the pros of imposing unpaid work on young people far outweigh its cons as mentioned.

 

Ví Dụ 3:

It  is now possible for scientists and tourists to travel to remote natural environment, such  as  South  Pole.  Do  the  advantages  of  this  development  outweigh  the disadvantages?

  • Introduction

It is true that human race can reach faraway places like the South Pole owing to the development of technology. While I accept that this revolution  possesses several potential benefits, it is my opinion that its drawbacks are certainly greater.

  • Body 1

On the one hand, this improvement would bring some benefits to human life.

–  It would be a new type of recreational activity.

–  Travelling to untouchable habitats helps people, especially scientists, acquire knowledge and conduct research about the nature.

  • Body 2

On the other hand, I believe that the advantages of being able to travel to remote areas are greater than its benefits mentioned.

–  Tourists and scientists can cause serious environmental damage to the isolated places that I go to.

–  Visiting those undiscovered areas requires a huge amount of money which could be spent on other more essential sectors.

  • Conclusion

In conclusion, it seems to me that the positive consequences of being able to visit remote natural environment are outweighed its negative ones.

Wasted Food

Every day, millions of tons of food are wasted all over the world. Why do you think this is happening? And how can we solve this problem?

Food wastage has now become a big problem in many parts of the world. There are several factors that are attributable to this situation, and solutions need to be adopted to combat the issue.

Primarily, people have become wealthier than before. Increased personal wealth means that individuals no longer appreciate food, and they tend to throw food away after eating rather than storing it in the fridge for the next meal. Fresh vegetables, meat and fish at the supermarket are now sold at an affordable price for middle-class people, so many of them are willing to discard the food as soon as they satiate their hungry stomach.

Another reason is that the food industry has been developing fast, with a variety of choices and marketing techniques that encourage food spending. Television programs are often interrupted by food advertisements that are digitally altered to trigger the craving for a wide range of delicious food. It is, therefore, not surprising why consumers do not feel the need to preserve the food that they have not eaten for later use.

However, food wastage is not an intractable problem. The simplest measure the government can do is to step up campaigns to raise public awareness with the aim of changing public attitudes to food consumption. The deleterious effects of food waste on the environment should be
highlighted via posters and television programs to draw the attention of the public to the problem. Also, a heavy tax ought to be imposed on the food industry, which may causes the price of everyday food to rise and consequently deter people from taking food for granted.

In conclusion, people throw food away after meals because of several reasons, which requires the government to take action to mitigate the problem.

(Vinh IELTS)

Environmental Problems

Developments in technology have brought various environmental problems. Some believe that people need to live simpler lives to solve environmental problems. Others, however, believe technology is the way to solve these problems. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

The improvements in technology currently bring about harmful effects on the environment. While some people believe having simpler lives is the only solution, I would argue that technological advances can help to tackle these environmental problems.

On the one hand, it is believed that individuals need to live simple lives and rely less on technology. The first suggestion is that people should walk or cycle rather than drive cars. This is because the current number of cars being manufactured and used is increasing, which causes high levels of exhausted fumes and makes air pollution become serious. Additionally, people should try to reduce their consumption of electricity so that the exploitation of natural resources such as fossil fuels or nuclear power can be minimised. An example of this idea is the annual event called Earth Hour where everyone is asked to turn their lights off for sixty minutes.

On the other hand, I believe the developments of technology can greatly contribute to environmental protection. Firstly, because of those improvements, people are able to come up with ways to recycle materials such as paper or glass, which reduces the problem of waste disposal. Secondly, technology can also help to create electricity using renewable resources. For example, many countries in the world have built plants that utilize solar energy to generate power. As a result, it is not necessary to rely on nonrenewable resources, and people can create electricity without significantly damaging the environment.

In conclusion, while some people think that they should live simpler lives to prevent environmental issues, I would argue that these problems can be dealt with by technological improvements.
(270 words, Quang Thắng)

 

Scientific Research

Many people believe that scientific researches should be carried out and controlled by the government rather than private company.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

It is argued that the authority should be the one which conducts and manages scientific studies. While I agree with this point of view to some extent, I strongly believe that private organizations are a better candidate taking responsibility of such essential research. 

Admittedly, there are some good reasons why the government should be in charge of carrying and controlling scientific research. Firstly, it is the budget from national taxes that supports scientists and researchers. Therefore, the company in charge would receive money to complete their work without worrying about the depletion of resources. Secondly, some dependent companies only look for profits, which makes it extremely dangerous. For example, a company may find out chemistry that can make biological weapons, and then may sell it to an antisocial party in Pakistan; this is certainly harmful to almost all human beings.

However, despite some arguments above, I am of the opinion that private firms would do the research mentioned above much better. Firstly, non-governmental companies usually pay a huge amount of money for their staff; this helps them attract more talented and skillful scientists to work for them. As a result, scientific studies and papers conducted by these organizations are likely to be more accurate. Secondly, as the authority has many aspects to take care of, independent firms often concentrate on one to two fields, which helps to bring more proper results. For example, MCG, which is a medical company in Binh Duong, only concentrates on two particular fields that are researching and manufacturing new medicines, which makes it better than other governmental companies in Vietnam.

In conclusion, it seems to me that private institutions are much better in conducting and directing important research.

(Band 8.5, Nam Đỗ) 

High Salaries

In many countries, a small number of people earn extremely high salaries. Some people believe that this is good for the country, but others think that governments should not allow salaries above a certain level.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

People have different views about whether governments should introduce a maximum wage. While in some ways it may seem reasonable to allow people to earn as much as companies are willing to pay, I personally believe that employee remuneration should be capped at a certain level.

There are various reasons why it might be considered beneficial to allow people to be paid extremely high salaries. If companies offer excellent pay packages, they can attract the most talented people in their fields to work for them. For example, technology companies like Google are able to employ the best programmers because of the huge sums that they are willing to pay. Furthermore, these well-paid employees are likely to be highly motivated to work hard and therefore drive their businesses successfully. In theory, this should result in a thriving economy and increased tax revenues, which means that paying high salaries benefits everyone.

However, I agree with those who argue that there should be a maximum wage. By introducing a limit on earnings, the pay-gap between bosses and employees can be reduced. Currently, the difference between normal and top salaries is huge, and this can demotivate workers who feel that the situation is unfair. With lower executive salaries, it might become feasible to introduce higher minimum wages, and everybody would be better off. One possible consequence of greater equality could be that poverty and crime rates fall because the general population will experience an improved standard of living.

In conclusion, it seems to me that it would be better, on balance, for governments to set a limit on the wages of the highest earners in society.

IELTS Simon

(274 words, band 9)

Traditional or Religious Festivals

Most people have forgotten the meaning behind traditional or religious festivals; during festival periods, people nowadays only want to enjoy themselves. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Some people argue that we no longer remember the original meaning of festivals, and that most of us treat them as opportunities to have fun. While I agree that enjoyment seems to be the priority during festival times, I do not agree that people have forgotten what these festivals mean.

On the one hand, religious and traditional festivals have certainly become times for celebration. In the UK, Christmas is a good example of a festival period when people are most concerned with shopping, giving and receiving presents, decorating their homes and enjoying traditional meals with their families. Most people look forward to Christmas as a holiday period, rather than a time to practise religion. Similar behaviour can be seen during non-religious festivals, such as Bonfire Night. People associate this occasion with making fires, watching firework displays, and perhaps going to large events in local parks; in other words, enjoyment is people’s primary goal.

However, I disagree with the idea that the underlying meaning of such festivals has been forgotten. In UK primary schools, children learn in detail about the religious reasons for celebrating Christmas, Easter and a variety of festivals in other religions. For example, in late December, children sing Christmas songs which have a religious content, and they may even perform nativity plays telling the story of Jesus’ birth. Families also play a role in passing knowledge of religious festivals’ deeper significance on to the next generation. The same is true for festivals that have a historical background, such as Bonfire Night or Halloween, in the sense that people generally learn the stories behind these occasions at an early age.

In conclusion, although people mainly want to enjoy themselves during festivals, I believe that they are still aware of the reasons for these celebrations.

(296 words, band 9)