The table below shows the percentage of the population by age groups in one town who rode bicycles in 2011.
The table compares the proportion of female and male bicycle riders across five age groups in one particular town in 2011.
Overall, females of all age brackets cycled more than their male counterparts, and children under 9 did the most. When people age, they seemed to have a slighter preference for this physical activity, except for the oldest age group.
It is apparent from the table that over a half of both girls and boys under 9 rode bicycles, with respective figures being 51.3% and 50.3%, when it comes to those in the group of 10-17, the gap becomes much more pronounced with 42.2 of teenage girls cycling while the proportion for boys was just 24.6%.
With regard to the three older age ranges, those who were cyclists accounted for far smaller proportions of less than 20%. To be specific, whereas the proportion of female 18-39 year-olds was 17.1%, that of males was significantly lower at under 10%. Those whose age ranges from 40 to 59 in total made up only fifth of the town’s population. However, the interest in cycling grows for people aged 60+, with 18.5% of females and 13.2% of males doing this activity.
(Source IPP IELTS – mình rất thích trang này, có rất nhiều giá viên giỏi và có tâm, đặc biệt đây là nơi mình thấy hay cập nhập Task 1 đề thi, mọi người có thể theo dõi trang của các thầy cô để học hỏi thêm nhé)
Many people believe that scientific research should be carried out and controlled by the government rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
It is argued that the authority should be the one which conducts and manages scientific studies. While I agree with this point of view to some extent, I strongly believe that private organizations are a better candidate for taking responsibility for such essential research.
Admittedly, there are some good reasons why the government should be in charge of carrying and controlling scientific research. Firstly, it is the budget from national taxes that supports scientists and researchers. Therefore, the company in charge would receive money to complete their work without worrying about the depletion of resources. Secondly, some dependent companies only look for profits, which makes it extremely dangerous. For example, a company may find out a chemical that can make biological weapons, and they may sell it to an antisocial party in Pakistan; this is certainly harmful to almost all human beings.
However, despite some arguments above, I am of the opinion that private firms would do the research mentioned above much better. Firstly, non-governmental companies usually pay a huge amount of money for their staff; this helps them attract more talented and skillful scientists to work for them. As a result, scientific studies and papers conducted by these organizations are likely to be more accurate. Secondly, as the authority has many aspects to take care of, independent firms often concentrate on one to two fields, which helps to bring more proper results. For example, MCG, which is a medical company in Binh Duong, only concentrates on two particular fields that are researching and manufacturing new medicines, which makes it better than other governmental companies in Vietnam.
In conclusion, it seems to me that private institutions are much better in conducting and directing important research.
Band 8.5, Nam Đỗ