Task 1

The table illustrates the percentage of male and female in terms of weight in Vitenam from 1999 to 2009.

Task 2

These days people in some country are living in a “throw-away” society which mean people use things in a short time then throw them away. Causes and problems

A key aspect of the modern consumer society is that people tend to buy things more frequently. This can be attributed to various factors and lead to a number of undesirable effects.

One reason for this is that technology is developing much faster than previously. This means that new, improved versions of the items we own come out with a greater frequency, leading many people to buy them – even if they do not need them. In addition, many people want the latest consumer goods in order to maintain the appearance that they are up to date with the latest trends. Of course, this is facilitated by the fact that most people in modern societies have a far greater disposable income than their forefathers, allowing them to purchase such goods more regularly. In less well-off societies, people still buy consumer goods when they can afford to, but replace them less often.

Naturally, this can cause problems, the most obvious being the detrimental effects on the environment. Goods require not only raw materials such as wood, plastic and metals, but also energy in the form of oil and electricity, for example. Therefore, we are consuming these resources in far greater quantities since there are more people with the money to buy them, they are buying them at shorter intervals and the goods generally require more resources to manufacture. An example of this is the use of rare earth metals in the production of electronic goods. Another issue that economists have noted is that a throw away society encourages people to spend rather than to save money. It is certainly economically advantageous to have people spending as this creates jobs. However, if people do not save enough to provide security in their old age or when they are ill, this becomes a problem.

To summarise, there are a variety of reasons why the throw away society has become more prevalent and, though it has benefits, there are undoubtedly environmental and economic costs associated with it.

341 words, Written By IELTS Key

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