Từ vựng trích từ Essays chủ đề Education 

  • To preserve = to protect and keep something, usually because it is valuable for some reason

The state preserves ancient buildings because they are part of our heritage.

  • Rituals = highly traditional ceremonies which have meaning for the participants

In some countries, wedding rituals continue for several days.

  • Parades = organized processions in public by groups of people, usually to commemorate an event

In my home town, we have a military parade each year to mark our Independence Day.

  • To transmit = to communicate a message, literal or symbolic

The monarchy transmit symbols of power through dress and ritual.

  • Social memes = social habits or patterns which are transmitted between people

In Britain, punctuality is a social meme.

  • Public duty = the willingness to serve the public or the state

Civil servants need a sense of public duty.

  • Self-sacrifice = the willingness to suffer or die for a cause

We remember the self-sacrifice of our wartime generation each year.

  • Cultural traditions = traditions carrying cultural importance

Hospitality is a great cultural tradition in Mediterranean countries.

  • Mythology, myth = a classic story from the past which people know is not true but which carries meaning

There are old myths about gigantic animals in my part of the countryside.

  • To evoke = to bring back memories or feelings

Our national flag evokes strong emotions whenever we see it.

  • Medieval = adjective for the Middle Ages, roughly 1050 to 1400 in European history

France has some superb medieval architecture, which I saw on my gap year.

  • Ceremonies = a ceremony is similar to a ritual, usually involving people in authority

The government enters office with a long ceremony at the presidential palace.

  • Cultural norms = standards expected of behavior or ideas

In some countries, marriage between cousins is a cultural norm.

The fabric of society = the way that society is connected and maintained drugs and crime are damaging the fabric of society.

  • To conserve = a synonym for ‘to preserve’

Conservation of old treasures is the main role of our city museum.

  • To hand something down (from one generation to the next) = to pass it from parents to children and to their children etc

Cultural values have been handed down for hundreds of years, but now they are starting to
disappear.

  • Heritage = something inherited (= received/handed down) by one generation from the
    previous generation

Our countryside is part of our national heritage and we should preserve it carefully.

  • Legends = similar to myths, but sometimes containing an element of reality

Robin Hood is a British legend, although most historians agree the character is based on a real person.

  • Folklore = old stories and myths/legends, usually transmitted verbally

African folklore is rich in stories ofgods and monsters.

  • Inheritance = a synonym for ‘heritage’

Our greatest inheritance as a nation is our independence and fighting spirit.

  • Fine art = art by famous or acclaimed painters

Florence in Italy is a key destination for lover’s of fine art.

  • Handicrafts = skills of making objects by hand, and also the objects themselves

Many indigenous people make a living by selling handicrafts to tourists.

  • Opera = a very formal play with a musical score

La Scala is the name of a famous opera venue in Italy, which I’d like to visit.

  • Shanties and dirges = very traditional songs about basic subjects

Children sometimes sing shanties at primary school.

  • Linguistic = the adjective meaning ‘about language’

Linguistic skills are essential for a tour guide in the modern economy.

  • Media = a way of communicating

Folklore is a very effective media for transmitting our cultural heritage.

 

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