Từ vựng trích từ Essays chủ đề Education 

  • Curriculum = the full range of subjects offered by a school or group of schools

The curriculum in private schools is sometimes wider than in state schools because they have
more resources.

  • Pedagogical (experts) = (experts in) education and teaching

I admire pedagogical pioneers such as the Victorian English thinkers who began free schools
for all children.

  • Syllabus = the content of elements taught in a specific subject

The syllabus for geography at my school included volcanoes, earthquakes and tidal waves, which we found fascinating.

  • Formal examinations = exams where students answer set written or spoken questions without
  • Continuous assessment = giving students marks for course work or projects, rather than
    formal exams

At my school, our grades were based 50/50 on formal examinations and continuous assessment, which we thought was very fair to all the children.

  • Academic achievement = the measurable performance of a student in marks, exam results etc.

In my country, children enjoy school, but academic achievement is frankly quite low.

  • Further education = education after leaving school at the minimum age

Some governments encourage further education by allowing teenagers to claim benefits while
they study.

  • Higher education = education after age 18 at college or University, usually for a Degree

When I pass IELTS, I plan to go on to higher education in Canada and do a degree in

  • Group work = study where pupils discuss and agree a project together

Personally, I think that group work enables lazy children to do less work than the eager ones.

  • Teacher-led lessons = traditional lessons where the teacher delivers a long talk and the
    students take notes

In my country, lessons are still very teacher-led and interaction is rather limited.

  • Autonomous learning = when a student learns through independent study and research

At University, you are expected to be an autonomous learner far more than at High School, which is quite exciting for me.

  • Study skills = the skills of organizing, using and checking study work

My study skills were rather weak until I read an excellent book by a Japanese pedagogical

  • To synthesize sources = to use a variety of sources and combine them in one project

I use the Internet to synthesize my sources, and I always cite the origin of the information. (to cite sources = to acknowledge publicly)

  • Rote-learning = learning by repetition and memorizing items

I used to think that rote-learning was a negative approach, but my recent experiences teaching in a South African school have changed my view.

  • To supplement = to add extra content or material

My supervisor said that I should supplement my essay with more examples ofexperiments.

  • To assimilate knowledge = to absorb and understand it

I always use a dictionary when I study in English, to help me assimilate new phrases.

  • Guided learning = learning under the supervision of a teacher

Lessons in Primary Schools should always contain guided learning, otherwise the children
will lose focus.

  • Data-gathering = collecting information, usually in numerical form

Mobile phone companies employ many people in data-gathering Tasks, to see how users are using the phones and the Internet.

  • Distance learning = learning by the Internet or email, rather than face-to-face

My mother took an entire degree by distance learning over a period of five years.

  • Self-study = studying using a course without a teacher’s involvement

There are many self-study guides to improving your English, and some of them are actually
quite good.

  • To discriminate between sources = to decide whether one source is better or more reliable
    than another source

Children should not study using unsupervised Internet access because they can’t discriminate between the sources of information they find.

  • To sift information = to remove unwanted or less useful information

I had to sift hundreds of pages of data to arrive at my conclusions when I did my thesis.

  • to marshal facts = to organize facts in support of an idea

In IELTS essays, you should marshal a few facts to support each idea in the argument.

  • An integral part of the syllabus = essential, central or indispensable

Nutrition is an integral part of food sciences these days

  • To work/study under supervision = under the direction of a responsible person

At college, I discovered I did not have to work under supervision all the time, and I was free to do independent research.